In Turkey the family Araceae is represented by 5 native genera [Arisarum Mill., Arum L., Biarum Schott, Dracunculus Mill., Eminium (Blume) Schottl. Besides exotic aroids widely grown as indoor ornamentals, Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott is naturalized in two major cities (Antalya & Mersin) of the Mediterranean region and cultivated for their tubers as food; Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.) Sprengel is popular and grown outdoors mainly in the Aegean & Mediterranean regions for the cut-flower market. There are 36 native aroid taxa of which about 10 are endemic in Turkey. But as the native Turkish aroids exhibit significant variation in many morphological characters there are different approaches on systematics of the group. It seems that a biosystematic study will make a great contribution to the current knowledge of the Turkish aroids. The native aroids especially the representatives of Arum, have been found to be familiar to Turkish people and are used in traditional medicine & for food mainly in rural areas without paying attention to the kinds of the species. The details of the usage of Turkish aroids & their vernacular names, will be presented elsewhere.