International Aroid Society
  References for the Genus Amorphophallus

by Wilbert Hetterscheid

Balen, S. v., 1996. Amorphophallus swansong? Aroideana 19: 139-140. (?A. decus-silvae)

Barthlott, W. & W. Lobin (eds.), 1998. Amorphophallus titanum. Trop. und subtrop. Pflanzenw. 99: 1-225 (partly in German, partly in English). N.b (by Wilbert Hetterscheid): When in the history of botanical literature was ever a single book dedicated to one single plant species!!!?? Unfortunately the editors made a gross mistake in not publishing the entire monograph in English. Now a considerable part of the target group of the book is cut off of all this knowledge.

Blume, C.L., 1834. Amorphophallus in J. Decaisne, Description d'un herbier de l'ile de Timor.... Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. III, 3: 333-501.

Blume, C.L., 1837. Amorphophallus. Rumphia1: 138-149. Leiden.

Bogner, J., 1995. A remarkable new Amorphophallus (Araceae) from India. Kew Bull. 50(2): 397-400. (A. longiconnectivus)

Bogner, J. & W.L.A. Hetterscheid, 1992. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae). 1. Three new species from tropical Asia. Blumea 36: 467-475. (A. asterostigmatus, A. palawanensis & A. hottae)

Bogner, J., S.J. Mayo & M. Sivadasan, 1985. New and changing concepts in Amorphophallus. Aroideana 8(1): 15-25.

Bogner, J. & D.H. Nicolson, 1991. A revised classification of the Araceae with dichotomous keys. Willdenowia 21: 35-50.

Bown, D. 2000. Aroids. Plants of the Arum Family (2nd ed.). Timber Press (Amorphophallus treated in chapter 8).

Brown, N.E., 1882. Four new genera of Aroideae. Journ. Bot. New Ser. 11: 193-197.

Engler, A., 1876. Vergleichende Untersuchungen ueber die morphologischen Verhaeltnisse der Araceae. 1 Teil: Natuerliches System der Araceae. Nov. Act. Ksl. Leop.-Carol.-Deutschen Akad. Naturf., 39(3): 135-155.

Engler, A., 1911. Araceae-Lasioideae. Pflanzenr. IV, 23C (Heft 48). Leipzig.

Gagnepain, F., 1942. Aracees in H. Lecomte (ed.), Flore Generale de l'Indochine. Vol. 6: 1075-1196. Masson, Paris.

Giordano, C., 1999. Observations on Amorphophallus titanum (Becc.) Becc. ex Arcangeli in the forest of Sumatra. Aroideana 22: 10-19.

Govaerts, R. & D.G. Frodin. 2002. World checklist and bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 560 pp. (Amorphophallus: 76-97 / Pseudodracontium: 435-437).

Grayum, M.H., 1984. Palynology and phylogeny of the Araceae. Ph.D. dissertation Univ. of Massachusetts. Amherst, Massachusetts.

Grayum, M.H., 1990. Evolution and phylogeny of the Araceae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 77: 628-697.

Grayum, M.H., 1992. Comparative external pollen ultrastructure of the Araceae and putatively related taxa. Monogr. Syst. Bot. from Miss. Bot. Gard. Vol. 43. Allen Press, Kansas.

Ham, R. v.d., W.L.A. Hetterscheid & B.J. v. Heuven, 1998. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae) - 8. Pollen morphology of Amorphophallus and Pseudodracontium. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 103: 95-142.

Ham, R. v.d., W.L.A. Hetterscheid & B.J. v. Heuven, 2000. Exine architecture in echinate pollen of Amorphophallus (Araceae) in relation to taxonomy. In: M.M. Harley, C.M. Morton & S. Blackmore (eds.). Pollen and spores: Morphology and Biology, pp. 241-248. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Ham, R. v.d. & B.J. v. Heuven, 2001. Pollen morphology of Amorphophallus (Araceae). In: D.K. Goodman & R.T. Clark (eds.). Proceedings of the IX International Palynological Congress, Houston, Texas, USA, 1996. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists Foundation, pp. 585-591.

Hay, A., 1992. Tribal and subtribal delimitation and circumscription of the genera of the Araceae tribe Lasieae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 79: 184-205.

Hay, A., J. Bogner, P.C. Boyce, W.L.A. Hetterscheid, N. Jacobsen & J. Murata, 1995. Checklist & Botanical Bibliography of the Aroids of Malesia, Australia and the tropical western Pacific. Blumea Suppl. 9. 210 pp.

Hetterscheid, W.L.A., 1994a. Preliminary taxonomy and morphology of Amorphophallus Blume ex Decaisne (Araceae), in M.M. Serebryanyi (ed.), Proc. Moscow Aroid Conf. 1992: 35-48. Moscow.

Hetterscheid, W.L.A., 1994b. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae). 2. New species from tropical Asia. Blumea 39: 237-281.

Hetterscheid, W.L.A., 1995. Sumatran Amorphophallus adventures: 20 August - 1 September 1993. Aroideana 17[1994]: 61-77.

Hetterscheid, W.L.A. 2000. Amorphophallus kiusianus. Curt. Bot. Mag. 17(1): 9-13.

Hetterscheid, W.L.A. & R. van der Ham, 2001. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae) - 11. New and obsolete species from East Malaysia and continental Southeast Asia. Blumea 46: 253-282.

Hetterscheid, W.L.A. & S. Ittenbach, 1996. Everything you always wanted to know about Amorphophallus but were afraid to stick your nose into. Aroideana 19: 7-129.

Hetterscheid, W.L.A., S. Ittenbach & J. Bogner, 1999. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae) 10. Revision of the endemic Amorphophallus species of Madagascar. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 121(1): 1-17.

Hetterscheid, W.L.A. & C.-I Peng, 1995. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae). 4. Revision of the species in Taiwan. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 36: 101-112 (incl. 23 full colour plates).

Hetterscheid, W.L.A. & de Sarker, 1996. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus - 6. A. (Plesmonium) margaritifer (Roxb.) Kunth in profile. Aroideana 19: 132-138.

Hetterscheid, W.L.A. & M.M. Serebryanyi, 1994. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae). 3. Two new species from Vietnam. Blumea 39: 283-287.

Hetterscheid, W.L.A., S.R. Yadav & K.S. Patil, 1994. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae). 5. Amorphophallus konkanensis, a new species from India, and taxonomic reflections on Amorphophallus section Rhaphiophallus. Blumea 39: 289-294.

Hetterscheid, W.L.A. & G.J.C.M. v. Vliet, 1996. Amorphophallus, giant from the forest. CITES/C&M, 2(4): 86-96.

Ittenbach, S. 1997. Revision der afrikanische Arten der Gattung Amorphophallus (Araceae) [Revision of the African species of the genus Amorphophallus]. Thesis of the Bonn University (in German, soon to be published in English in Englera). 347 pages.

Ittenbach, S. & M. Boecker, 1997. Untersuchungen zur Anatomie der Infloreszenzachse afrikanischer Amorphophallus-Arten (Monocotyledoneae, Araceae). [Anatomical research on the inflorescence axis of African Amorphophallus species]. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 119(3): 385-406 (in German).

Ittenbach, S. & W. Lobin, 1997. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae) - 6. Six new species and two new subspecies from Africa. Willdenowia 27: 147-160.

Jansen, P.C.M., C. van der Wilk & W.L.A. Hetterscheid, 1996. Amorphophallus in: M. Flach & F. Rumawas (eds.) Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates. Prosea 9: 45-50.

Kite, C.G. & W.L.A. Hetterscheid, 1997. Inflorescence odours of Amorphophallus and Pseudodracontium (Araceae). Phytochemistry 46(1): 71-75.

Kite, C.G., W.L.A. Hetterscheid, M.J. Lewis, P.C. Boyce, J. Ollerton, E. Cocklin, A. Diaz & M.J. Simmonds, 1998. Inflorescence odours and pollinators of Arum and Amorphophallus (Araceae). In: S.J. Owens & P.J. Rudall (eds.). Reproductive Biology, pp. 295-315. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Li, H., 1988a. New taxa of the genus Amorphophallus frum Yunnan. J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 6(3): 209-214. (A. bannaensis [= A. kachinensis], A. yuloensis, A. ximengensis [= A. krausei]).

Li, H., 1988b. The Amorphophallus resources in Yunnan. J. Yunn. Agr. Univ. 3(2): 137-144.

Liu, P.-y. & Chen, J., 1984. A new species of Amorphophallus. J. Southw. Agric. Coll. 1: 67-69. (A. albus).

Liu, P.-y., Zhang S.-l. & Zhang, X.-g., 1998. Research and utilization of Amorphophallus in China. Acta Bot. Yunn., 1998, Suppl. 10: 48-61.

Liu, S.-y. & Wei, S.-j., 1986. A new species of Amorphophallus from Guangxi. Guihaia 6(3): 183-186. (A. coaetaneus).

Long, C.-l., 1998. Ethnobotany of Amorphophallus of China. Acta Bot. Yunn. 1998, suppl. 10: 89-92.

Long, C.-l. & Li, H., 2000. Amorphophallus zengianus (Araceae), a new Chinese species from Yunnan. Novon 10: 125-127.

Mayo, S.J., 1985. Araceae In R.M. Pollhill (ed.), Flora of Tropical East Africa. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Mayo, S.J., J. Bogner & P. Boyce. 1997. The Genera of Araceae (Amorphophallus & Pseudodracontium on pp. 235-243).

Noltie, H.J., 1994. Araceae in Flora of Bhutan, vol. 3, part 1: 121-159. Royal Bot. Gard. Edinburgh.

Pijl, L. van der, 1937. Biological and physiological observations on the inflorescence of Amorphophallus. Rec. Trav. Bot. Neerl. 34: 157-167.

Rheede tot Drakenstein, H.A. van, 1692. Hortus Malabaricus, Vol. 11. Amsterdam.

Ridley, H.N., 1925. Flora of the Malay Peninsula. Vol. 5. Reeve & Co., London.

Rumphius, G., 1747. Herbarium Amboinense, Vol. 5. Amsterdam.Serebryanyi, M.M., 1995. A taxonomic revision of Pseudodracontium (Araceae-Aroideae-Thomsonieae). Blumea 40: 217-235.

Sarker, D. de & W.L.A. Hetterscheid, 1998. Notes on the genus Amorphophallus (Araceae) 9: Cytological investigation of Amorphophallus (Plesmonium) margaritifer (Roxb.) Kunth. Aroideana 20: 11-12.

Singh, S.N. & M. Gadgil, 1996. Ecology of Amorphophallus species in Uttara Kannada District of the Karnataka State, India: implications for conservation. Aroideana 18[1995]: 5-20.

Sivadasan, M., 1986. Amorphophallus nicolsonianus (Araceae), a new species from India. Pl. Syst. Evol. 153: 165-170.

Sivadasan, M., 1989. Amorphophallus smithsonianus (Araceae), a new species from India, and a note on A. sect. Synantherias. Willdenowia 18: 435-440.

Sivadasan, M. & V. Abdul Jaleel, 1998a. Rediscovery of Amorphophallus longistylus (Araceae), a little known rare endemic species from Middle Andaman, India. Rheedea 8(1): 103-106.

Sivadasan, M. & V. Abdul Jaleel, 1998b. Rediscovery of Amorphophallus longiconnectivus Bogner, a little known rare endemic species of Araceae. Rheedea 8(2): 243-247.

Sivadasan, M. & V. Abdul Jaleel, 2000a. Rediscovery of Amorphophallus carnosus (Araceae), a rare and narrow endemic species from South Andaman, India. Rheedea 10(1): 63-67.

Sivadasan, M. & V. Abdul Jaleel, 2000b. Amorphophallus hirsutus Teijsm. et Binnend. (Araceae): A new report from India. Rheedea 10(2): 143-147.

Sivadasan, M. & V. Abdul Jaleel, 2001. Amorphophallus mysorensis E. Barnes & C.E.C. Fisch. (Amorphophallus sect. Raphiophallus)(Araceae) in India with notes on related species. Aroideana 24: 94-99.

Sivadasan, M., N. Mohanan & G. Rajkumar, 1994. Amorphophallus bonaccordensis, a new species of Araceae from India. Blumea 39: 295-299.

Symon, J.R., 1995. Amorphophallus titanum: A journey beyond its habitat. Aroideana 17[1994]: 18-32.

Wallich, N. 1830. Plantae Asiaticae Rariores 1: 83, t. 99.

Yadav, S.R., 1998. Adaptive significance of phenology and spadix architecture in Araceae of Western Ghats of India. Act. Bot. Yunn. 1998 (suppl. 10): 31-40.

Zhang, S.-l., Liu, P.-y. & Sun, Y.-m., 1998. Artificial adjustment of flower period and hybridizing techniques of Amorphophallus konjac. Acta Bot. Yunn. 1998, suppl. 10: 62-66.