Anthurium Start PageContentsAnthurium rubrifructum

Anthurium testaceum Croat & Baker,

Brenesia 16(Supl. I): 92. 1979. TYPE: Costa Rica. Alajuela: Atlantic side of Alto de las Palomas, 1,900 m. Lent 1820 (F, holotype).

Epiphytic or terrestrial; stems elongate, ca. 1 m long, 1-1.5 cm diam.; cataphylls drying greenish yellow to brown, weathering and often persisting, ultimately deciduous; petioles (8-) 1448 cm long, 3-6 mm diam., terete; blades oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate to oblong-elliptic, moderately thin, obtuse to rounded (rarely acute) at base, 18-50 cm long, 412.5 cm wide. Inflorescence spreading; peduncle 14-40 cm long, 3-5 mm diam., terete; spathe more or less thin, green lanceolate, 3-7 cm long, 7-14 mm wide; stipe 1-7 mm long; spadix green, sometimes tinged with violet purple, 412 cm long, 46 mm diam. at base; berries bright red, oblong-ellipsoid, rounded at apex, 10-13 mm long; seeds 2. See Croat (1983: 395) for a more complete description.

The species is found in Costa Rica and Panama from 800 to 2,000 m in premontane wet and premontane rain forest life zones. In Panama, the species is known only from western Panama near Costa Rica in the Provinces of Bocas del Toro and Chiriquí.

Anthurium testaceum is in section Xialophyllium and can be distinguished by its elongate narrow stem, its long, thin, persistent cataphylls, its bright red, prematurely exserted berries, its few-flowered spadix spirals, and by its lanceolate leaf with the midrib and primary lateral veins drying very pale tan.

Map of Mesoamerican specimens with coordinates

Costa Rica : Monteverde, 1500 m,, 15 Aug 1988, Hayworth 306 (WIS).
Costa Rica Alajuela: Monteverde Biological Reserve, 1600 m, 10.18N 84.47W, 9 Oct 1987, Haber & Bello 7563 (CR).
Costa Rica Alajuela: Bosque Eterno De Los Niños; Cordillera de Tilarán, 1100 m, 10.20N 84.42W, 25 January 1990, Erick Bello 1811 (CR).
Costa Rica Guanacaste: 1100 m, 10.55.45N 85.28.15W, 25 November 1990, Roberto Espinoza 79 (MO).
Costa Rica Heredia: 1850-2000 m, 10.12N 84.07W, 20 April 1986, Michael H. Grayum 7319 (MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: 1150 m, 08.47N 82.58W, 1 July 1984, Michael H. Grayum 3360 (MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: 1600 m,, 21 julio 1985, William A. Haber & Eric Bello C. 2070 (MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: 1600-1700 m, 10.20N 84.50W, 10 Oct. 1985, William A. Haber ex Eric Bello 3425 (MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: 1500 m, 10.20N 84.50W, 30 Nov. 1985, William A. Haber ex Eric Bello 3663 (MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: 1700 m, 10.20N 84.50W, 29 Dec. 1985, William A. Haber ex Eric Bello C. 4023 (MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: 1500 m, 10.18N 84.48W, 5 Nov 1986, William A. Haber ex Eric Bello 6192 (MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: 1600 m, 10.18N 84.47W, 5 August 1988, William Haber & John Atwood 8529 (MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: 1400-1500 m, 8.57N 82.50W, 28 Aug 1983, Gerrit Davidse 24143 (MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: 1350-1450 m, 8.56N 82.51W, 29 Aug 1983, Gerrit Davidse 24194 (MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: 1450-1600 m, 8.57N 82.51W, 30 Aug 1983, Gerrit Davidse 24327 (MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: 1100-1200 m, 9.04.30N 83.05.00W, 29 Mar 1984, Gerrit Davidse & G. Herrera Ch. 26216A (MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: 1100 m, 8.57N 82.56W, 4 Sep 1984, G. Davidse, G. Herrera Ch. & M.H. Grayum 28294 (MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: 1300-1650 m, 8.59.30N 82.57.30W, 5 Sep 1984, G. Davidse, G. Herrera Ch. & M.H. Grayum 28325 (MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: 1500-1620 m,, 23 May 1984, Willow Z. Pounds 267 (MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: 1000-1100 m, 10.16N 84.48W, 23 Jun 1985, B. Hammel & J. Trainer 14010 (MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: 1450 m,, 13 November 1994, D. R. Hodel & M. Binder 1337 (MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: R.B. Monteverde; Cordillera de Tilarán, 1300 m, 10.16N 84.22W, 4 May 1991, Erick Bello, Eladio & Roy Cruz 2719 (CR).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: Cordillera de Talamanca, 1250-1300 m, 09.01.35N 83.00.45W, 9 Apr 1996, Villalobos, R. 299 (INB, MO).
Costa Rica Puntarenas: Cordillera de Talamanca, 1680 m, 09.01.30N 82.57.40W, 14 June 1995, Angulo 351 (INB, MO).
Panama Bocas del Toro: 1200 m, 8.44N 82.17W, 11 March 198, T.B. Croat & M.H. Grayum 60296 (MO).
Panama Bocas del Toro: 1200 m, 8.44N 82.17W, 11 March 198, T.B. Croat & M.H. Grayum 60348 (MO).
Panama Bocas del Toro: 1170 m, 8.44N 82.17W, 22 June 1987, Thomas B. Croat 66646 (MO).
Panama Bocas del Toro: 1150-1200 m, 8.45N 82.15W, 3 Dec 1985, Gordon McPherson 7713 (MO).
Panama Bocas del Toro: 1000 m, 8.45N 82.15W, 8 Dec 1985, Gordon McPherson 7849 (MO).
Panama Bocas del Toro: 1150 m, 8.45N 82.15W, 22 Oct. 1985, Gordon McPherson 7217 (MO).
Panama Bocas del Toro: 1150 m, 8.45N 82.15W, 22 Oct. 1985, Gordon McPherson 7219 (MO).
Panama Bocas del Toro: 1200 m, 08.45N 82.15W, 16 April 1987, Gordon McPherson 10864 (MO).
Panama Chiriquí: 1200 m, 8.46N 82.13W, 16 Mar 1985, Hampshire & Whitefoord 667 (BM).
Panama Chiriquí: 1100-1135 m, 8.43N 82.17W, 8 March 1985, T.B. Croat & M.H. Grayum 60058 (MO).
Panama Chiriquí: 1200 m, 08.44N 81.17W, 29 March 1993, Thomas B. Croat 74965 (MO).
Panama Chiriquí: 1630 m, 08.32N 81.46W, 30 March 1993, Thomas B. Croat 75028 (MO).
Panama Chiriquí: 1100 m, 8.45N 82.13W, 8 Feb. 1984, H.W. Churchill, G. de Nevers & H. Stockwell 4809 (MO).
Panama Chiriquí: 1100 m, 8.45N 82.13W, 8 Feb. 1984, H.W. Churchill, G. de Nevers & H. Stockwell 4821 (MO).
Panama Chiriquí: 1100 m, 8.45N 82.13W, 8 Feb. 1984, H.W. Churchill, G. de Nevers & H. Stockwell 4823 (MO).
Panama Chiriquí: 08.44N 82.17W, 23 June 1994, Thomas B. Croat & Guanghua Zhu 76325 (MEXU, MO).
Panama Chiriquí:, 7 December 1997, D.W. Roubik & L. Quroz 1289 .
Panama Chiriquí:, 7 December 1997, D.W. Roubik & L. Quroz 1276 .

Map of South American Specimens with coordinates

Colombia Antioquia: 1850 m, 06.45N 76.23W, 17 October 1987, Alan E. Brant & Gladys E. Martínez A. 1363 (MO).
Colombia Narino: 550 m,, 10 Jun 1986, Leon et al. 1537 (U).
Colombia Valle del Cauca: Ri|o Grande, 1800 m,, 22 May 1988, Ramos et al. 976 (MO).
Colombia Valle del Cauca: 1920 m, 03.30N 76.35W, 12 Dec 1985, Al Gentry & Myriam Monsalve 53204 (MO).
Colombia Valle del Cauca: 1720 m,, 14 Abril 1990, J.E. Ramos 2572 (MO, CUVC).
Ecuador Carchí: 1000 m, 01.6N 78.17W, 07 Feb 1985, Øllgaard, Korning, Thomsen & Illum 57266 (AAU, MO).
Ecuador Carchí: 1000 m, 01.6N 78.17W, 07 Feb 1985, Øllgaard, Korning, Thomsen & Illum 57292 (AAU).
Ecuador Carchí: 1000 m, 01.6N 78.17W, 07 Feb 1985, Øllgaard, Korning, Thomsen & Illum 57439 (AAU).
Ecuador Carchí: 1000 m, 01.02N 78.16W, 23 May 1992 - 27 May 1992, Galo Tipaz, C. Quelal & G. Cantincuz 1085 (MO).
Ecuador Carchí: 900 m, 00.55N 78.32W, 22 Nov 1992, Carlos Aulestia, E. Aulestia & M. Guanga 766 (MO!, NY).
Ecuador Esmeraldas: Reserva Etnica Awa, 250 m, 0.52N 78.26W, 22 Mar 1993, Carlos Aulestia & M. Aulestia 1421 (MO).
Ecuador Esmeraldas: 600 m, 0.56N 78.23W, 01 Apr 1994, Walter Palacios 12198 (MO, QCNE).
Ecuador Esmeraldas: Bilsa, 400-600 m, 0.21N 79.44W, 07 Oct 1994, John L. Clark, M. Bass & N. Pitman 155 (MO, QCNE).
Ecuador Esmeraldas: 600 m, 00.56N 78.23W, 01 Apr 1994, Walter Palacios 12198 (MO, QCNE).
Ecuador Esmeraldas: Bilsa, 500 m, 00.21N 79.44W, 18 Nov 1996, John L. Clark, F. Gurumendí & H. Weinert 3441 (K, MO, QCNE).
Ecuador Esmeraldas: Bilsa, 500 m, 00.21N 79.44W, 18 Nov 1996, John L. Clark, F. Gurumendí & H. Weinert 3454 (MO, QCNE).