ContentsPhilodendron crassispathumPhilodendron davidsonii var. bocatoranum

Philodendron davidsonii Croat,

Aroideana 6: 39-41. 1983. TYPE: Costa Rica. Limón: N of Siquirres, originally collected by Jim Tally of Miami, Florida, Croat 52232A (holotype, MO--3000000--1; isotypes, B, COL, CR, K, MEXU, NY, US). Figures 10, 129--130, 136.

Epiphytic climber, often occurring high in canopy; sap clear; stem appressed-climbing, thick, creeping, leaf scars conspicuous, 1.5--2 cm long, 1--3 cm wide; internodes short, thick, broader than long, 1.5--5 cm long, 3--9 cm diam., olive-green to gray-green, becoming tannish white to brownish, scurfy; epidermis peeling and cracking with age; roots few per node, to 7 mm diam., light reddish brown, drying dark reddish brown, smooth, epidermis peeling; cataphylls soft, 28--54 cm long, unribbed to bluntly ribbed to sharply 2-ribbed near apex, green to reddish, sometimes dark green-striate, promptly deciduous; petioles 50--85 cm long, 1--2 cm diam., thicker than broad, obtusely V-shaped, broadly sulcate adaxially, rounded abaxially, with adaxial margins sharp, surface medium to dark green-striate with a weak maroon to dark green ring around apex; blades ovate-oblong, coriaceous, acute to more or less acuminate at apex (the acumen inrolled), subcordate to cordate at base, 50--76 cm long, 21--43 cm wide (1.7--2.6 times longer than wide), upper surface dark green, semiglossy to glossy, lower surface matte, much paler (often tinged purplish violet when young); margins hyaline to yellowish green, sometimes revolute; anterior lobe 48--77.5 cm long, 20--50 cm wide (3.4--6.3 times longer than posterior lobes); posterior lobes 9--19 cm long, 9.6--17.8(24) cm wide, rounded; midrib flat to weakly raised, yellowish green to cream, paler than surface above, convex, weakly striate, paler than surface below; basal veins (1)3--6, mostly 4 per side, with 1--2 (or sometimes all) free to base, 4th to 6th veins coalesced 3--4 cm; posterior rib 0.8--4 cm long, not at all naked or naked to 4 cm; primary lateral veins (10)18--21 per side, departing midrib at a 50--75E angle, straight or weakly arcuate to the margins, sunken to weakly quilted and paler than surface above, convex to raised and paler than surface below; interprimary veins weakly sunken and paler than surface above, weakly raised and darker than surface below; minor veins darker than surface below, arising from both the midrib and primary lateral veins. INFLORESCENCES more or less erect, 1--3 per axil; peduncle (3.5)5--9 cm long, 7--27 mm diam., flattened adaxially, pale green to reddish green, or white, often dark green-striate; spathe coriaceous, 15--27 cm long, [(2.1)2.9--4.6 times longer than peduncle)], weakly constricted near the middle (opening 16.5 cm long); spathe blade at anthesis pale green, pale speckled, with margins reddish pink outside, 10--19 cm long, 2--6 cm diam. (the opening to 9 cm long), tinged reddish to maroon (B & K red-purple 2/7) inside; spathe tube pale green, minutely white-short-lineate outside, 5.9--14 cm long, 3--5.5 cm diam., reddish to maroon (B & K red-purple 10/3 to 2/10) inside; spadix sessile or weakly stipitate; tapered, 14.5--25 cm long, tapered, broadest near the base; pistillate portion green to yellow-green, slightly tapered toward the apex to cylindrical, 3.3--10 cm long, 1.1--2.5 cm diam. at apex, 1.4--1.7 cm diam. at middle, 1.5--3 cm wide at base, with 19-25 flowers per spiral; staminate portion 9.2--20 cm long; fertile staminate portion creamy white, becoming orange-red (post-anthesis), tapered, 1.6--2.8 cm diam. at base, 1.5--2 cm diam. at middle, 7--12 mm diam. ca. 1 cm from apex, broadest at the base, narrower than the pistillate or sterile portions; sterile staminate portion narrower than the pistillate portion, white, 17--28 mm diam.; pistils 3.3--4.7 mm long, 1.6--2.5 mm diam.; ovary 8--14-locular, 3.7--4mm long, 2--2.6 mm diam., with sub-basal placentation; ovules 4--8(12) per locule, striate, 2-seriate, usually contained within translucent ovule sac, 0.2--0.6 mm long, about equal in length to or shorter than funicle; funicle 0.2 mm long, style 1.2--2.3 mm long, 1.6--2.1 mm diam., similar to style type B or D; style apex usually flat; style apex flat or with a borad boss, pronounced (with divit in center); stigma subdiscoid to globular, unlobed to weakly lobed, 1.8--1.9 mm diam., 0.3--0.7 mm high, covering entire style apex, depressed medially; the androecium truncate, margins 4--6-sided; thecae ellipical to oblong-obovate, 0.1 mm wide; sterile staminate flowers blunt, 4--5-sided, 3.5--4.5 mm long, 1.5 mm wide. Berries greenish (nearly ripe).

Philodendron davidsonii ranges from Costa Rica (no doubt into adjacent southeastern Nicaragua as well) to Panama on the Atlantic slope, from near sea level to about 200 m elevation in Premontane wet forest and Tropical wet forest life zones.

Philodendron davidsonii is a member of P. sect. Calostigma subsect. Macrobelium ser. Ecordata. This species is characterized by its generally short-creeping habit often high in the canopy (reportedly to 30 m), short, thick internodes, sharply two-ribbed cataphylls which are deciduous intact, long, stout, broadly sulcate petioles, large ovate-oblong blades with many sunken primary lateral veins, and one to three inflorescences per axil with the coriaceous spathes green outside and reddish to maroon within.

Philodendron davidsonii has two subspecies; the typical subspecies is found throughout the range of the species, and P. davidsonii subsp. bocatoranum is known only from the type locality in Bocas del Toro Province.

Key to the subspecies of Philodendron davidsonii

Base of blade cordate to subcordate; primary lateral veins

16--21 per side, arising at 65--75E angle; Costa Rica

to Panama, 0--100 m elevation............ subsp. davidsonii

Base of blade acute; primary lateral veins 10--16 per side,

arising at 50--55E angle; Panama (Bocas del Toro),

190--220 m elevation..................... subsp. bocatoranum

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