Tripura has a warm and humid Subtropical climate with three distinct seasons; summer, monsoon and winter. Rice is the staple crop but many other foodstuffs are cultivated or collected from the wild. The number includes numerous aroids. Two elephant foot yams are widely used, but their identity had not previously been established. This paper describes A. muelleri Blume, A. paeoniijolius (Dennst.) Nicholson and indigenous tribal knowledge (ITK) in the utilization of A. muelleri as food and medicine.