References to Aroid Pollination Literature

Beath, D. N. 1993. Biology of forest Araceae in ghana. PhD thesis. University of Aberdeen.UK.

Beath, D. N. 1996. Pollination of amorphophallus johnsonii (Araceae) by Carrion beetles (Phaeocrous amplus) in a Ghanaian rainforest. Journal of Tropical Ecology 12:409-418.

Cleghorn, M. L. 1913. Notes on the pollination of Colocasia antiquorum. Journal for the Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. 9:313-315.

Dormer, K.. J. 1960. The truth about pollination in Arum. New Phytologist. 59:298-301.

Gottsberger, G. & Amaral, A. 1984. Pollination strategies in Brazilian Philodendron species. Deutsch Botanische. Berlin 97: 391-410.

Gottsberger, G. 1990. Flowers and beetles in the South American Tropics. Botanica Acta. 103: 360-365.

Gottsberger, G. & I. Silberbauer-Gottsberger. 1991. Olfactory and visual attraction of Erioscelis emarginata (Cyclocephalini, Dynastinae) to the inflorescences of Philodendron selloum (Araceae). Biotropica 23(1): 23-28.

Grayum, M.. H. 1984. Palynology and phylogeny of the Araceae. Ph.D. thesis. University of Massachusetts, U.S.A.

Grayum, M. H. 1996. Revision of Philodendron subgenus Pteromischum (Araceae) for Pacific and Caribbean Tropical America. Systematic Botany Monographs 47: 31-35.

Knoll, F. 1926. Die Arum-Blutenstande und ihre Besucher (insekten und blumen lV). Abhandl. Zoo. Bot. Ges. Wien 12:379-481.

Madison, M. 1979. Notes on some aroids along the Rio Negro, Brazil. Aroideana 2: 67-77.

Montalvo, A. M. & Ackerman, J. D. 1986. Relative pollinator effectiveness and evolution of floral traits in Spathiphyllum friedrichsthalii (Araceae). American Journal of botany. 73(12):1665-76.

Patt, J. M.., French, J. C., Schal, C., Lech, J., & Hartman, T. G. 1995. The pollination biology of Tuckahoe Peltandra virginica (Araceae). American Journal of Botany. 82(10):1230-40.

Pellmyr, O. 1985. Cyclocephala : visitor and probable pollinator of Caladium bicolour (Araceae). Acta Amazonica. 15(1-2):269-272.

Pellmyr. O. 1986. Function of olfactory and visual stimuli in pollination of Lysichiton americanum (Araceae) by a Staphylinid beetle. Madrono. 33:47-54.

Ramirez, B. W. & Gomez, P. L.. D. 1978. Production of nectar and gums by flowers of Monstera deliciosa (Araceae) and of some species of Clusia (Guttiferae) collected by New World Trigona bees. Brenesia 14/15:407-412.

Schatz, G. E. 1990. Some aspects of pollination biology in Central American forests. In: Reproductive Ecology of Tropical Forest Plants, ed. Bawa, K. S. & Hadley, M. Chapter 7: 69-84.

Shaw, D. E. & Cantrell, B. K. 1983. A study of the pollination of Alocasia macrorrhiza (L) G. Don (Araceae) in South East Queensland. Proceedings of the Linnean Society New South Wales. 106:323-335.

Silva, C. J. da 1981. Observacoes sobre a biologica reprodutiva de Pistia stratiotes L (Araceae) Acta Amazonica. 11(3):487-504.

Sivadasan, M. & Sabu, T. (1989). Beetle pollination, canthrophily in Amorphophallus hohenackeri (Araceae). Aroideana. 12(1-4):32-37.

Valerio, C. E. 1984. Insect visitors to the inflorescence of the aroid Dieffenbachia oerstedii (Araceae) in Costa Rica. Brenesia. 22:139-146.

Valerio, C. E. 1988. Notes on the phenology and pollination of Xanthosoma wendlandii (Araceae) in Costa Rica. Review of Tropical Biology. 36(1):55-61.

Van Der Pijl, L. 1937. Biological and physiological observations on the inflorescence of Amorphophallus. Rec. Trav. Bot. Neer. 34:157-167.

Vogel, S. 1978. Pilzmuckenblumen als Pilzmimeten. Flora 167:329-398.

Whitehill, J. 1993. Reproductive biology of Philodendron giganteum, Anthurium crentum, and Anthurium dominescense (Araceae) in a subtropical moist forest in Puerto Rico. Journal of the Tropical Resources Institute 12(2): 50-52.

Williams, N. H. & Dressler, R. L. 1976. Euglossine pollination of Spathiphyllum (Araceae). Selbyana 1(4):349-356.

Young, H. J. 1986. Beetle pollination of Dieffenbachia longispatha (Araceae). American Journal of Botany. 73:931-944.

Young, H. J. 1987. Pollination and reproductive biology of an understorey neotropical aroid. International Workshop in Reproductive Ecology of Tropical Forest Plants. IUBS/UNESCO. Bangi. Malaysia.

Young, H. J. 1988. Neighbourhood size in a beetle pollinated tropical aroid : effects of low density
and asynchronous flowering. Oecologia. 76(3):461-466.