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  How to Handle Berries of Pearl Anthurium
From: George Yao gcyao at netasia.net> on 2000.01.14 at 07:45:01(3999)
Hi everyone,

Sorry if you have received this message already, but after I sent it, I did
not see it sent back to me in the list, so I am resending it here.

I was just given some fresh berries of the Pearl Anthurium. Each berry has
3 to 5 small cream colored seeds which can be seen through the translucent
skin and pulp. I found one of them had been squeezed while inside the paper
bag, and the seeds that were squeezed out were enmeshed in a sticky jelly.

I want to try to germinate the seeds. What is the best way to clean them
and what is the best procedure to germinate them?

George Yao

From: "Julius Boos" ju-bo at email.msn.com> on 2000.01.16 at 19:15:02(4002)
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From: rharias at juno.com on 2000.01.20 at 07:57:53(4013)
Sorry for taking so long to get your message, I've been away.
I've grown "Pearl Anthurium", Anthurium scandens, from seed many
times with great success. But let me warn you up front, the plants grow
fairly slow and may take as many as three to four years before you will
see the formation of berries on your seedlings.
First, the seeds of this plant will stay viable for weeks if not
removed from the fruit. I have planted seeds that were removed from the
parent for at least two weeks, with almost 100% viability.
The sticky "jelly" need not be removed from the seeds, it seems
that it is neither an asset nor a hinderance to germination.
The seeds will germinate quickly (less then 4 weeks).
I like to use a cell tray that holds many little cells in one
pack. I also like to use Fafard #2 soil (a commercial soil that is very
light weight yet retains a high moisture level once wet) as my medium for
anthuriums. Don't forget to water the soil before and after planting.
The seeds of most anthuriums, in the wild, just grow where they
fall, on the surface of some substrate. Hence the idea of sowing the
seeds on the surface of the soil. But I have found that if you plant the
seeds on the surface of the soil they will develop what reminds one of
prop-roots. This works out well for anthuriums in the wild where leaf
litter is constantly falling. But I have found, through experimentation,
that if the seeds are covered with about an 8th of an inch of soil the
roots will not push the entire plant into the air. The roots will grow
downward and develop a strong system. So plant them a little below the
surface, they will do better.
For A. scandens, I like to plant 5 or so seeds together. The
plants, when planted together, seem to ward off fungi that a single
seedling seems not to be able to defend against. The only down side to
planting seeds together in small cells is that they run out of nutriment
very quickly. So once the majority of the seeds have sprouted you should
start to fertilize right away. After the seed are planted, the tray is
covered and the waiting begins.
Once the seeds are up, write again and I'll try to help you along
the way.
Good Luck!

Robert Arias

From: George Yao gcyao at netasia.net> on 2000.02.06 at 09:37:04(4061)
Hi Robert and everyone,

It's my turn to be sorry for the delay. I had just finished wrapping up a
garden show and had to catch up on so many things that it's only now that I
can catch up on my email.

Thanks to all those who responded to my request for help: Dr. Tom Croat,
Harry Graham, Michael Pascall, Tsuh Yang Chen, Julius Boos, and, of course,
Robert Arias.

Since I did not have much time to do things right, I just sprinkled the
cleaned seeds on a piece of moist tissue paper placed inside a transluscent
plastic lunch box. They germinated within the week. I didn't count, but it
looks like almost 100% germinated. Now they are about 1/2" high. I'm
wondering when I should transplant them and/or feed them.

I took a couple of digital photos but I don't know where to put them up for
this list. If anyone can tell me how, I will be glad to show the pictures.

George Yao

From: rharias at juno.com on 2000.02.08 at 07:11:17(4072)
I have germinated anthuriums on tissue paper before. The ones I have
tried, have germinated with great success. But, there seemed to have been
a slight problem when time came to plant the seedlings out. They stick to
the paper! My solution was to cut the paper into small pieces and plant
the seedlings, paper and all.
I would recommend that you plant them in a sterilized medium as soon as
possible. Plant them up to where the stem and root meets. This is usually
very discernable because the root is usually fatter then the stem.
Once the seeds are planted, and have been covered for about two weeks,
start "feeding" them with a week, general purpose liquid fertilizer.
Good growing.

Robert Arias

From: George Yao gcyao at netasia.net> on 2000.02.10 at 08:30:55(4087)

Thank you very much. I will try what you suggest and hope that I get it
right. The thinner stem comes up perpendicular to the fat root.

George Yao

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