Originally compiled by G.R. Stilwell, Jr., Guy Gusman & Eric Walton in 1999 at /genera/arisaema/herold/Pages/arlist.html
Revised and annotated in January 2003 by Wilbert Hetterscheid
To date there is no full scale taxonomic revision available of the genus Arisaema . Important contributions to the taxonomy of Arisaema have been published by Engler (1920 in Das Pflanzenreich), Chaterjee (1954, Indian and Burmese species), Hara (1971, eastern Himalayan species), Li Heng (1979, in Flora of China; in Chinese but currently being translated to an English version), Ohashi & Murata (1980, Japanese species), Murata (1984, infrageneric classification), Ko & Kim (1985, Korean species), Mayo & Gilbert (1986, Tropical African and Arabian species), Murata (1990, general systematics of the genus), Wang (1996, Taiwanese species), Pradhan (1997, [2nd ed.], Himalayan species and horticulture), Gusman & Gusman 2006 (2nd ed. of a full scale review of the genus with an horticultural angle).
The above mentioned literature is far from uniform in voiced opinions on the taxonomy of Arisaema . Different taxonomic cultures sometimes clash and personal views permeate that are not always backed up by professional taxonomic analysis. But this is the dynamics in which the taxonomy of Arisaema is involved these days and that is exciting. Special attention is to be paid to the names of the Japanese species, that seem to be changing forever. In the most recent checklist (Govaerts & Frodin, 2002) for instance, the species A. japonicum and A. serratum are again separated just as we were getting used to the merger of the two under the name A. serratum . Furthermore such widely accepted species as A. sazensoo and A. engleri are synonymised under a broad concept of A. sikokianum , obviously following the latest Japanese and Chinese "rumours" to that effect. However the latter opinion is not followed here. Neither is e.g. the separation of A. peninsulae from A. angustatum . Therefore the species list below is nothing more than another frozen moment in time of these dynamics. The list leans partly on the recently published Araceae checklist and bibliography by Govaerts & Frodin mentioned above, wherein Arisaema names were reviewed by Jin Murata and Nguyen Van Du, so that makes for some reliability. However, as stated above, some ideas seem to be unsound and I have not hesitated to follow Gusman & Gusman in several of these contentious issues as these authors treat such species on the basis of lots of gathered data from plants in cultivation. Then there are several recent publications bu Li heng and co-workers on Chinese species. It is a pity that these recent publications vary wildly on many matters of Arisaema taxonomy. A better international cooperation for an acceptable taxonomy of Arisaema is badly needed before other monographs appear. We all should be aware that presently DNA studies are done on Arisaema and who knows what Pandora's Box will now be opened.....I can't wait..........
Thus far we have had the fantastic opportunity to have a direct link from the Araceae genera list to Roy Herold's Arisaema pages. In order not to lose attention for that fantastic site (alas no longer evolving.....) and others, here are some links:
(Direct species picture links are below)
Aroideana has 32 articles on Arisaema. Click Here to see them all.
Arisaema amurense Maxim
Arisaema anomalum Hemsley
Arisaema asperatum N.E. Brown
Arisaema auriculatum Buchet
Arisaema balansae Engl.
Arisaema barbatum Buchet
Arisaema barnesii C.E.C. Fisch.
Arisaema bathycoleum Hand.-Mazz.
Arisaema bottae Schott
Arisaema calcareum H. Li
Arisaema candidissimum W. Smith
Arisaema ciliatum H. Li
Arisaema concinnum Schott & cf. concinnum
Arisaema consanguineum (L.) Schott
Arisaema cordatum N.E. Brown
Arisaema costatum (Wallich) Mart.
Arisaema dahaiense H. Li
Arisaema dilatatum Buchet
Arisaema dracontium (L.) Schott
Arisaema elephas Buchet
Arisaema engleri Pampan.
Arisaema erubescens (Wall.) Schott
Arisaema fargesii Buchet
Arisaema filiforme Blume Thwaites
Arisaema fimbriatum Masters
Arisaema flavum Schott
Arisaema formosanum (Hayata) Hayata
Arisaema franchetianum Engl.
Arisaema galeatum N.E. Brown
Arisaema ghaticum Punekar & Kumaran
Arisaema grapsospadix Hayata
Arisaema griffithii Schott
Arisaema heterocephalum Koidz.
Arisaema heterophyllum Blume
Arisaema iyoanum (Kitag. & Ohba) H. Ohashi & J. Murata
Arisaema jinshajiangense H. Li
Arisaema kerrii Craib
Arisaema kishidae Makino ex Nakai
Arisaema kiushianum Makino
Arisaema laminatum Blume
Arisaema leschenaultii Bl.
Arisaema limbatum (Nakai & F. Maek.) Serizawa
Arisaema lobatum Engl.
Arisaema macrospathum Benth.
Arisaema muratae J.T. Yin & G. Gusman
Arisaema murrayi (J. Graham) Hook.
Arisaema neglectum Schott
Arisaema nepenthoides (Wallich) Martius in Schott
Arisaema omkoiense Gusm.
Arisaema ostiolatum Hara
Arisaema pachystachyum Hett. & G. Gusman
Arisaema penicillatum N.E. Br.
Arisaema peninsulae Nakai
Arisaema petelotii K. Krause
Arisaema polyphyllum (Blanco) Merr.
Arisaema prazeri Hook f.
Arisaema putii Gagn.
Arisaema ramulosum Alderw.
Arisaema rhizomatum C.E.C. Fisher
Arisaema ringens (Thunb.) Schott
Arisaema rostratum V.D.Nguyen & P.C.Boyce
Arisaema roxburghii Kunth
Arisaema sahyadricum S.R. Yadav, K.S. Patil & Bachulkar
Arisaema sarracenioides E. Barnes & C.E.C. Fisch.
Arisaema saxatile Buchet
Arisaema sazensoo (Blume) Makino
Arisaema scortechinii Hook. f.
Arisaema serratum (Thunb.) Schott
Arisaema shimienense H. Li
Arisaema siamicum Gagnep.
Arisaema sikokianum Franchet & Sav.
Arisaema speciosum (Wall) Martius in Schott
Arisaema sukotaiense Gagn.
Arisaema taiwanense Murata
Arisaema tashiroi Kitam.
Arisaema ternatipartitum Makino
Arisaema thunbergii Blume
Arisaema tortuosum (Wall.) Schott
Arisaema tosaense Makino
Arisaema triphyllum (L.)Schott
Arisaema umbrinum Ridley
Arisaema utile Hook. f. ex Schott
Arisaema victoriae Nguyen V.D.
Arisaema wardii Marquand et Airy Shaw
Arisaema wattii Hook f
Arisaema yunnanense Buchet