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Syngonium gentryanum Croat,
sp. nov. TYPE: Peru, Huanuco, La Divisora, Tingo Maria-Pucallpa, road
near Loreto border, 1150-1250 m, premontane rain forest, Gentry, Daly
& Cruz 18822 (MO-2415210, holotype; USM, iso-type).
Caudex ca. 2 cm diam.; lamina trisecta; petiolus ad 63 cm longus;
vagina 16-28 cm longa, lamina media oblonga-elliptica, 27 cm longa,
9.3 cm lata; lobi laterales lobum medium aequantes, inaequa-lateres
haud auriculatos. Inflorescentia 2 in axilla; pedunculus 7 cm longus;
spathae tubus oblongus-ellipticus, 2.5-3.5 cm longus, 1.1-2.3 cm diam.;
spathae lamina elliptica, acuminata; spadix ca. 8 cm longa, parte
feminea spadicis 7 mm longa, 4 mm diam.
Adult plants with stems ca. 2 cm diam.; petioles to 63 cm long, sheathed
to 16-28 cm, slender, less than 1 cm diam., the sheath merging imperceptibly
with the petiole at the apex; blades trisect, the lobes narrowly confluent
at the base, the median lobe oblong-elliptic, acuminate at the apex,
cuneate at the base, 27 cm long, 9.3 cm wide, drying pale yellowish
brown, matte on the upper surface, slightly paler on the lower surface,
the lateral lobes equal to the median lobe, 27-27.5 cm long, 7.5-8
cm wide, very inequilateral, the inner margin narrowly acute, almost
paralleling the margin near the base, the outer margin attenuate and
acute at the base, not at all auriculate, the lateral lobes markedly
inequilateral, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate at the apex, ca. 26 cm
long and 8 cm wide, the inner edge narrowly acute at the base, narrowly
confluent with the median lobe, the outer edge acute to obtuse, the
midrib drying more or less flat on the upper surface, raised beneath;
primary lateral veins 3-4 pairs; the tertiary veins weakly visible;
the principal collective vein 3-6 mm from the margin.
Inflorescences 2 per axil, 10-11 cm long, slender; peduncles
ca. 7 cm long, drying less than 4 mm diam.;
spathe tube oblong-ellipsoid, 2.5-3.5 cm long (dried), 1.1-2.3 cm
diam.; spathe blade, whitish, oblong-elliptic, narrowly acuminate
at the apex; spadix to 8 cm or longer; pistillate portion of the spadix
7 mm long, 4 mm diam., the stigmas ovoid, 0.6-0.7 mm diam., slightly
broader in the direction of the axis, contiguous;
staminate portion of the spadix narrowly clavate, ca. 7.5 cm long
or more, ca. 7 mm diam., the flowers irregularly 4-6-sided, 1-2 mm
diam. (dried), the apex truncate, lacking a medial depression, shallowly
incised along the sides between each stamen.
Infructescences not seen. Fig. 42.
DISTRIBUTION: The species is known only from the type locality in
premon-tane rain forest in Huanuco Department, Peru. It is named in
honor of Dr. Alwyn H. Gentry who made the only known collection
of the species.
It is distinguished from other South American species by its trisect
leaves with the lateral lobes not at all auriculate and equal to the
median lobe in length. Syngonium gentryanum is probably
closest to S. sparreorum of western
Ecuador. See that species for a discussion of the differences.
The type had a flowering inflorescence in March.
PERU: HUANUCO: La Divisora, Tingo Maria-Pucallpa road near Loreto
border. Gentry et al. 18822 (MO, USM).