From: lbmkjm at yahoo.com (brian lee) on 2008.04.15 at 21:13:50(17394)|
Aloha. I thought I should give the two references
which would clarify this question of Philodendron
stenolobum and Philodendron williamsii. They are
both species of the subgenus, Meconostigma, and are
written up in the following publications.
Dr. Simon Mayo of KEW, wrote the revision of the
subgenus, Meconostigma in 1991. He did not split
Philodendron stenolobum from Philodendron
williamsii...but he did note the differences and
thought that two taxa may be involved between the
Espirito Santo state plants and the Bahia state
populations. He did not have the fertile material of
Philodendron stenolobum to compare.
Mayo, S.J. 1991. A Revision of Philodendron subgenus
Meconostigma (Araceae). KEW Bull. 46 (4):601-681.
Dr. Eduardo G. Gonsalves, described Philodendron
stenolobum as new in 2002.
Gonsalves,E.G. & E.R. Salviani , 2002. New Species and
Changing Concepts of Philodendron subgenus
Meconostigma (Araceae). Aroidiana, Vol 25. pp. 2-15.
If there are disputes, these treatments should clarify
--- brian lee wrote:
> Dear Steve,
> Aloha. I think that a lot of the confusion of
> Philodendron williamsii, Philodendron
> and Philodendron stenolobum arise out the geography
> the area.
> First of all, the name P. spiritus-sancti is derived
> from the state of Espirito Santo, Brazil.
> Philodendron spiritus-sancti is found near the town
> Domingo Martins, Espirito Santo state, Brazil.
> of this town is the town of Santa Leopoldina...a
> source of much confusion for a host of Philodendron
> horticultural names. Further to the north is the
> of Santa Theresa....which is where the Augusto
> Museum is. I do not know the exact limits of the
> distribution of Philodendron stenolobum , but we
> it as we approached the region of the Rio Doce, in
> Espirito Santo state. At the time, Philodendron
> stenolobum was thought to be Philodendron williamsii
> because Simon Mayo was actively working on
> Meconostigma. I met him at Roberto Burle-Marx's
> before he published his treatment. In fairness to
> Simon Mayo, he had to work with only a few specimens
> and incomplete material. He also thought that the
> Espirito Santo state plants differed from the
> Brazilian state of Bahia population...which is where
> the true Philodendron williamsii is found. Bahia
> state is to the north of Espirito Santo state.
> Northern Esprito Santo and Southern Bahia have a
> really interesting floral link. To add to the
> confusion, Philodendron stenolobum has been referred
> in the horticulture trade as Philodendron 'Espirito
> I hope this clarifies the situation a bit.
> --- ExoticRainforest
> > In response to what I sent earlier, I just
> > a note from aroid expert Leland Miyano which
> > confirms Philodendron stenolobum does grow in the
> > same area as Philodendron spiritus-sancti. I
> > find anything to indicate Philodendron williamsii
> > comes from that region. I suppose the plant could
> > be known as Espirito Sancti as well. I just hate
> > see plants other than Philodendron spiritus-sancti
> > using the name since it is so rare and valuable to
> > the members of the International Aroid Society.
> > Steve Lucas
> > www.ExoticRainforest.com
> > Additionally, many websites including a very
> > garden site used by aroid collectors now call
> > Philodendron williamsii "Espirito Sancti". That
> > comes from a small city in SE Brazil where the
> > Philodendron spiritus-sancti G.S. Bunting can be
> > found. There are now only 6 known specimens of
> > plant left in nature and it is extremely rare in
> > collection. Although no specific plant owns the
> > Espirito Sancti (it is a common name) it is most
> > often applied to Philodendron spiritus-sancti.
> > page may help you to better understand that
> > controversy:
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