SPECIES OFFSETS SOIL Exposition Pot DORMANCY STORAGE DISTRIBUTION Group Field Note Field Number USDA Min temp LEAF HEIGHT (cm) BULB DIAMETER / LENGTH (cm)
1 A. aberrans Hett.       Standard   Central Thailand   cult. (parents from Thailand) HAM 1099   Recommended Temperature Ranges    
2 A. abyssinicus (Rich.) N.E. Br. in soil rich   Standard store dry Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Zaire   Nigeria HAM 0066   Lowland: 18-35C 100 20
  A. aruspadix stolons (AGA)         Laos         40 (AGA)  
3 A. albispathus Hett. branched heavy   Deep pot store dry Central Thailand   Thailand, Koh Chang island HAM 0257   Intermediate: 12-30C 10-55 7/17
branched heavy   Deep pot store dry Central Thailand   Thailand, Sam Roy Rot HAM 0788   Highland: 7-27C 10-55 7/17
4 A. albus Liu & Wei in soil rich   Standard store dry China [Yunnan]   China, Botanical Garden of Kunming HAM 0356 6 1 40-70 7-10
5 A. amygdaloides Hett. & M. Sizemore in soil         Central Thailand   Thailand, Kanchanaburi Province HAM 969     10-180 (AGA)  
6 A. andranogidroensis Hett. & Mangelsdorff in soil well draining/Calcareous?   Standard   Madagascar Malagasy West Madagascar Tsingy du Bemaraha RMM 489     55 6.5
7 A. angolensis (Welw. ex Schott) N.E. Br. in soil well draining   Standard store in soil Angola, Gabon, Zaire   Gabon HAM 0015     100 10
8 A. angulatus Hett. & A. Vogel foliar peaty, well draining     store in soil Malasia, Sarawak           30 3
9 A. angustispathus Hett.           Myanmar   Burma (Myanmar), Mandalay Division HAM 1128        
10 A. ankarana Hett. in soil heavy soil   Standard store dry Madagascar, Ankarana Massif   Madagascar HAM 0048     80 15
in soil heavy soil   Standard store dry Madagascar, Ankarana Massif   Madagascar HAM 099x     80 15
11 A. annulifer Hett. none average soil     world-wide not in culture Indonesia, Western Java, Mt. Karang, Lengkong area           90 10
12 A. antsingyensis Bogner, Hett. & Ittenb. in soil rich, well draining soil   Standard store dry Madagascar   Madagascar, Tsingy d'Antsalova HAM 0099     80 12
13 A. aphyllus (Hook.) Hutch. in soil heavy soil   Standard store dry Senegal, Guinee Bissau, Sierra Leone, ?Gambia           70 30
14 A. arnautovii Het., synonym of A. coaetaneus Liu & Wei forms chain average soil     does not rest Vietnam, Southern China (Yunnan)   China, Yunnan, Hekou HAM 0338     60 6
              Vietnam, Cuc Phuong HAM 0881     60 6
15 A. asper Engl.         world-wide not in culture Sumatra              
16 A. asterostigmatus Bogn. & Hett. in soil rich   Deep pot store dry Thailand, Lop Buri   Asia HAM 0353     60-70 5-9
17 A. atroviridis Hett. branched heavy     store dry Thailand, Khao Phaeng   Thailand, Pak Ching HAM 0683     10-50 5/15
18 A. atrorubens Hett. & M. Sizemore           Central Thailand              
19 A. bangkokensis Gagn. stolons (AGA)     Large for offset store in soil C. Thailand               similar to paeonifolius but smooth petiole (AGA)
20 A. barthlottii Ittenb. & Lobin ?none       store in soil Ivory Coast, Liberia             4
21 A. baumannii (Engl.) N.E. Br.         store in soil NE Br. (Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Togo)   Ghana, Brong-Ahafo HAM 0667        
22 A. beccarii Engl. foliar well draining     store in soil Indonesia, northern and western Sumatra   Indonesia, Sumatra, Kerinci HAM 0525     90 10
23 A. becqaertii DeWildeman ?foliar well draining     store in soil Zaire              
  A. bolikhamxayensis           Laos           150-180 (AGA)   resmbling large yunnanensis (AGA)
24 A. bonaccordensis Sivadasan, Mohanan & Rajkumar           SW India              
25 A. borneensis (Engl.) Engl. & Gehrm.   medium to heavy   Standard store in soil Indonesia, South Kalimantan   Kalimantan HAM 158     200 20
26 A. boyceanus Hett.         store in soil S Peninsular Thailand              
27 A. brachyphyllus Hett. side shoots well draining   Standard store in soil West Malaysia (Sarawak)           50  
28 A. brevispathus Gagn. in soil (AGA)     Large for offset   Central Thailand   Thailand, Muak Lek HAM 0674     30-40 (AGA)   blue berries (AGA)
29 A. bufo Ridl. foliar well draining     store in soil West Malaysia , Pahang, Hohore, and Selangor states           30-100 10
30 A. bulbifer (Roxb.) Bl. foliar any soil   Standard store dry northern and eastern India, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal   cult. ex Kew (1994, via Vogel) HAM 0412 6   100 15
31 A. calabaricus N.E. Br.           Nigeria, Cameroon              
32 A. canaliculatus Ittenb., Hett. & Lobin none loose, well draining     store in soil Gabon   Gabon HAM 0014     70  
33 A. carneus Ridl. in soil fertile soil   Large for offset store dry Norther states of West Malaysia, Peninsular Thailand   Malaysia, Gua Gelam HAM 0464     40 / 50-75 (AGA) 4-5
34 A. chlorospathus Kurz ex Hook.         world-wide not in culture Myanmar              
35 A. cicatricifer Hett. in soil heavy, loamy soil   Large for offset store dry Thailand, Kanchanaburi Province           30 / 50-75 (AGA) 4-6/6-13
36 A. cirrifer Stapf   loamy soil   Deep pot store dry Central Thailand   Thailand, Saraburi HAM 0450        
37 A. coaetaneus Liu & Wei forms chain / leaf bulbillike tuber (BS) well draining   Large for offset store in soil South China               evergreen (AGA)
38 A. commutatus (Schott) Engl. in soil average, fertile     store in soil Southwestern India   India, Trichur HAM 0218     100 16
39 A. consimilis Bl.       Standard   West Tropical Africa              
40 A. corrugatus N.E. Br. in soil fertile, well draining   Standard store dry Northern Thailand, Northern Burma   Thailand, Chiang Mai, Doi Sutep HAM 0082 6   10-95 8
in soil fertile, well draining   Standard store dry Northern Thailand, Northern Burma   Thailand, Mae Soi Ridge HAM 0229 6   10-95 8
41 A. costatus Hett.   loose, fertile     store in soil Indonesia, South Kalimantan           60-90 10
42 A. coudercii (Bogn.) Bogn. branched heavy soil with loam     store dry Laos, Central Vietnam   Vietnam HAM 0241       ?/11
43 A. croatii Hett. & A. Galloway none     Standard store in soil Laos, Bolikhamxay & Khammouane provinces   Laos, Bolikhamxay AGA 1741 01 T     50 6
  A. crispifoius           Laos           30-45 (AGA)  
44 A. cruddasianus Prain ex Engl.           Northern Thailand, Myanmar, Laos              
45 A. curvistylis Hett. in soil heavy soil with loam       Thailand, Kanchanaburi Province           50-120 12
46 A. dactylifer Hett. in soil     Standard store in soil Philippines   Philippines, Luzon, near Baguio HAM 0226        
47 A. declinatus Hett. in soil         Philippines, Palawan Island   Philippines, palawan HAM 1007     medium (AGA)   similar to dactylifer (AGA)
48 A. decus-silvae Backer & Alderw. none well draining   Standard store in soil Indonesia, Java (western)   Indonesia, Java, Kiara Koneng HAM 0549     200-350 40
49 A. discophorus Backer & Alderw.       Standard store in soil Indonesia, Java   Indonesia, Java, Mt. Wilis, above Kediri HAM 537        
50 A. doryphorus = synonym of A. consimilis Bl.           NE Br., Benin, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Nigeria, Togo, Cen. African Rep.              
51 in soil any soil   Standard store dry Benin, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Nigeria, Togo, Central African Republic   Ghana, Legon Accra HAM 0340     100 25
52 A. dunnii Tutch.   heavier, well draining   Deep pot store in soil South east China       6      
53 A. dzuii Hett.         store in soil Nothern Vietnam           dwarfish (AGA)  
54 A. eburneus Bogn. none well draining     store in soil East Malaysia, Sarawak   Malaysia, Sarawak HAM 0029     120 25
55 A. echinatus Bogn. & Mayo         world-wide not in culture Eastern Thailand              
56 A. eichleri (Engl.) Hook. f. in soil well drained, organic     store dry Zaire, ?Angola   cult.(origins unknown) HAM 0406     60 15
57 A. elatus Ridl. none any soil   Deep pot store dry Peninsular Thailand and northern Malaysia   Thailand, Km. 54 HAM 0856     50 ?/25
58 A. elegans Ridl. none fertile, well draining   Standard store in soil Peninsular Thailand and northern Malaysia           60-90 10
59 A. elliottii Hook. f.           Sierra Leone              
60 A. erubescens Hett., synonym of A. muelleri Bl.   heavy, loam rich     world-wide not in culture Thailand, Kanchanaburi Prov.           30-120 7-18
61 A. erythrorrhachis Hett., O. Pronk & R. Kaufmann Unknown     Standard   Madagascar Malagasy Madagascar NW , Beravina, Mahajanga province       100 25
62 A. excentricus Hett. in soil fertile soil   Standard store in soil (is also quite drought resistant) Peninsular Thailand   Thailand, Pattalung province HAM 0184     130 10
  A. ferruginosus           Laos (AGA)           60-100 (AGA)  
63 A. forbesii Engl.         world-wide not in culture Indonesia, Sumatra              
64 A. fuscus Hett. in soil / stolons (AGA)         Northrn Thailand   Northern Thailand between Thailand and Burma "on limestone cliff" HAM 1294     34-70 15
65 A. galbra F.M. Bail.   loose, well draining     store in soil Northern Australia and Papua New Guinea   Australia, Green Forest HAM 0174     30-100 30
  loose, well draining     store in soil Northern Australia and Papua New Guinea   PNG HAM 0116     30-100 30
  loose, well draining     store in soil Northern Australia and Papua New Guinea   PNG 1851A     30-100 30
66 A. gallaensis (Engl.) N.E. Br.       Standard world-wide not in culture Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya           80 15
67 A. gallowayi Hett. none     Standard   Laos   Laos, Khammouane province AGA 1569-01     25 3
68 A. gigas Teijsm. & Binnend. none fertile, well draining   Standard store in soil Indonesia, Sumatra   Indonesia, North Sumatra Province HAM 0265     300-400  
69 A. glaucophyllus Hett. & Serebr. ?     Standard   Thailand   Thailand, Kanchannaburi province "isolated table mountain near Burmese border" HAM 1400     12-15 8
70 A. gliruroides Engl.         world-wide not in culture Myanmar              
71 A. glossophyllus Hett. branched fertile soil maybe loam   Deep pot store in soil (is also quite drought resistant) Central and northern Vietnam   Vietnam HAM 0242     45 7/13
72 A. goetzei (Engl.) N.E. Br.           Tanzania, Mozambique           60 13
73 A. gomboczianus Pic. Serm. none well draining, loamless     world-wide not in culture Ethiopia           100 25
74 A. gracilior Hutch.         world-wide not in culture Nigeria              
75 A. gracilis Engl.         world-wide not in culture Indonesia, Sumatra              
76 A. haematospadix Hook. f. in soil heavy soil     store dry Northern parts of West Malaysia, southern Thailand and possibly Sumatra   Malaysia, Lankawi Island HAM 0114     50-85 12
77 A. harmandii Engl. & Gehrm.           Cambodia              
78 A. hayi Hett. branched well draining   Deep pot store in soil North Vietnam, China (Yunnan)           80-60 3-11
79 A. henryi N.E. Br. in soil fertile, loamy soil   Standard store dry Taiwan   Taiwan, Nantou Hsien HAM 0270 6 / 7 (AGA)   60 10
in soil fertile, loamy soil   Standard store dry Taiwan   Taiwan, Tainan Hsien HAM 0271 6   60 10
80 A. hetterscheidii Ittenb. & Lobin in soil rich   Standard store in soil Gabon, Zaire, Central African Republic           300 30
81 A. hewittii Alderw. none rich, well draining soil Limestone   Standard store in soil East Malaysia, Sarawak   East Malaysia, Sarawak. Boyce s.n.     110 20
82 A. hildebrandtii (Engl.) Engl. & Gehrm. in soil rich     store dry Madagascar           100 13
83 A. hirsutus Teijsm. and Binn. & Binnend. none well draining   Standard store in soil Western Sumatra   Indonesia, Sumatra, Rimba Panti HAM 0567        
84 A. hirtus N.E. Br. in soil rich     store dry Taiwan   Taiwan (Tainan Hsien) HAM 0132b     70 10
85 A. hohenackeri (Schott) Engl. & Gehrm. in soil rich   Large for offset store dry store offsets in soil Southern India   India (Calicut University campus) HAM 0011        
86 A. hottae Bogn. & Hett. Foliar     Standard store in soil Eastern Malaysia Sabah   Malaysia, Sarawak, Mulu HAM 0915     100  
87 A. impressus Ittenb. stolons (AGA)         Tanzania, Malawi   East Africa, Malawi (exact loc. unknown). HAM 1380     20+ 5-30
88 A. incurvatus Alderw. , synonym of A. beccarii Engl.         world-wide not in culture Sumatra           65 20
89 A. infundibuliformis Hett., Dearden & A. Vogel   loose, well draining   Standard store in soil East Malaysia Sarawak           100 30
90 A. interruptus Engl. & Gehrm. in soil       store in soil (is also quite drought resistant) WH: dry Northern Vietnam   Vietnam, Binh Dong, Ninh Binh HAM 0522     29-88 3-8
91 A. johnsonii N.E. Br. in soil well draining   Standard   Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali   West Africa, Benin (exact loc. unknown) HAM 1076     60-200 10-14
92 A. josefbogneri Hett. in soil         Thailand   Thailand, Kanchanaburi province HAM 1396     8-9 1,5-13
93 A. julaihii Ipor, Tawan & P.C. Boyce         store in soil                
94 A. kachinensis Engl. & Gehrm. in soil     Standard store dry N. Thailand, Laos, China [Yunnan]           20-125 5-25
  A. Kalabenono                          
95 A. kiusianus (makino) Makino none fertile soil   Standard in soil and cold - 15 or 16 degrees S.E. China, Taiwan, southern Japan   China HAM 1059 6 / 7 (AGA) 0 200 22 blue seeds (AGA)
96 A. konjac K. Koch in soil any fertile soil   Large for offset store dry Southern and southeasten China, Vietnam Sabah   China HAM 0251 5b / 7 (AGA) -15    
in soil any fertile soil   Large for offset store dry Southern and southeasten China, Vietnam Sabah   China, Yunnan, Ximeng HAM 0304 5b -15    
in soil any fertile soil   Large for offset store dry Southern and southeasten China, Vietnam Sabah   China, Sichuan HAM 0613 5b -15    
97 A. konkanensis Hett., Yadav & Patil in soil fertile soil   Standard store dry India, southern Maharashtra State   India, Ratnagiri (Maharashtra State) HAM 1134        
98 A. koratensis Gagn. in soil rich soil added loam   Large for offset store in soil (when young) central and eastern Thailand   unknown (de Graaff, The Hague) HAM 0018     30-140 3.5-20
99 A. krausei Engl. in soil Stolons (AGA) rich soil added loam   Large for offset store dry Nothern Thailand, northern Myanmar, southern China   Thailand, Doi Sutep HAM 0096 6   30-140-180 (AGA) 3.5-20
in soil rich soil added loam   Large for offset store dry Nothern Thailand, northern Myanmar, southern China   Thailand, Khlong Lam Nai HAM 0768 6   30-140 3.5-20
in soil rich soil added loam   Large for offset store dry Nothern Thailand, northern Myanmar, southern China   Thailand, Khlong Lam Nai HAM 0768 6   30-140 3.5-20
in soil rich soil added loam   Large for offset store dry Nothern Thailand, northern Myanmar, southern China   China HAM 0040 6   30-140 3.5-20
  A. lacourii syn. Pseudodracontium lacourii                          
100 A. lambii Mayo & Widj. none loose, fertile     store in soil East Malaysia, Sabah: Indonesia, Dentral Kalimantan   Malaysia, Sabah, Tenom HAM 0834        
101 A. lanuginosus Hett.           Central Vietnam   Vietnam, Hon Tre Island (just off the coast from Na Hang) HAM 1239        
102 A. laoticus Hett.       Deep pot   Laos   laos, near Houaysay. HAM 1377     55-80 3-30
103 A. lewallei Malaisse & Bamps in soil rich, loamy soil   Standard store dry Burundi   Burundi HAM 0468     30-140 3.5-20
104 A. linearis Gagn.       Deep pot store in soil Central and Western Thailand              
105 A. linguiformis Hett.         world-wide not in culture Indonesia (NE Kalimanton)              
106 A. longicomus Hett. & M. Serebryanyi           Central India              
107 A. longiconnectivus Bogn. bulbils in soil (AGA)         Vietnam   India, Madya Pradesh, Piparia HAM 1131     medium (AGA)  
108 A. longispathaceus Engl. & Gehrm.         world-wide not in culture Philippines              
109 A. longistylus Kurz ex Hook. f.           India (Andaman Islands)              
110 A. longituberosus (Engl.) Engl. & Gehrm. none rich, loamy soil   Deep pot store dry ***careful - may rot Thailand, northern West Malaysia   Thailand, Kanchanaburi HAM 0289     10-60 7.5-25
              Thailand HAM 0383        
111 A. lunatus Hett. & M. Sizemore rare branching     Deep pot store dry Thailand   Thailand, Kanchanaburi province HAM 1358     25-30 3-8 similar to saurusus (AGA)
112 A. luzoniensis Merr.         world-wide not in culture Philippines              
113 A. lyratus Kunth.         world-wide not in culture SE. India              
114 A. macrorhizus Craib may branch rich with added loam   Deep pot dry? Northern Thailand   Thailand, Doi Come HAM 0120     40-110 1.5-6/10-35
  A. macrophyllus 'Bluto' syn. Pseudodracontium macrophyllum                       50-60 (AGA)  
115 A. mangelsdorffii Bogn.   well draining     store dry Mahajanga, Madagascar              
116 A. manta Hett. & Ittenb. none well draining, rich soil     store in soil Indonesa, Western Sumatra [Harau Valley]           60 7
117 A. margaritifer (Roxb.) Kunth       Standard   Northeastern India, Nepal   India, Bengal, Udaypur HAM 0422        
118 A. margretii Ittenb.         world-wide not in culture Zaire              
119 A. maximus (Engl.) N.E. Br. in soil rich   Standard store dry Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Somalia   Zimbabwe HAM 0053     100 25
120 A. maxwellii Hett. in soil rich with added loam   Large for offset store dry Thailand, Kanchanaburi Province   Thailand, Kanchanaburi HAM 0361     80 10-23
121 A. mayoi         world-wide not in culture Kenya, Uganda, Zaire              
122 A. mekongensis Engl. & Gehrm.           Vietnam              
123 A. mellii Engl., synonym of A. dunnii Tutch.         world-wide not in culture southeastern China              
124 A. merrillii Krause         world-wide not in culture Philippines              
125 A. mildbraedii Krause         world-wide not in culture Cameroon              
126 A. minor Ridl.         world-wide not in culture West Malaysia              
127 A. mossambicensis (Schott ex Garcke) N.E. Br. stolons (AGA)     Standard   Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Zambia              
128 A. muelleri Bl. foliar well draining, rich soil   Standard store dry W. Thailand, India [Andaman Islands], Indonesia [Sumatra]   Thailand, Kanchanaburi HAM 0334 6   40-180 28
foliar well draining, rich soil   Standard store dry W. Thailand, India [Andaman Islands], Indonesia [Sumatra]   Indonesia, Java HAM 0502 6   40-180 28
129 A. mullendersii Malaisse & Bamps         world-wide not in culture Zaire, Angola              
130 A. myosuroides Hett. & A. Galloway in soil       store dry Laos   Laos, Khammouane province AGA 1756     18-22 1-2
131 A. mysorensis Barnes & Fischer       Standard store in soil                
132 A. nanus H. Li & C.L. Long         world-wide not in culture China [Yunnan]              
133 A. napalensis (Wall.) Bogn. & Mayo in soil rich   Standard store dry Bhutan, Nepal and Sikkim   Nepal HAM 0227 6 0 100 15
134 A. napiger Gagn.     Shaded Deep pot   Central Thailand   Thailand, Phitsanulok HAM 0736        
135 A. nicolsonianus Sivad.         world-wide not in culture Southwestern India              
136 A. obovoideus Alderw. (Sumatra), synonym of A. beccarii Engl.         world-wide not in culture Sumatra              
137 A. obscurus Hett. & M. Sizemore         everwet tropical Eastern Thailand           dwarfish (AGA)   spotted leafs
138 A. ochroleucus Hett. & V.D. Nguyen in soil / leaf bulbillike tuber (BS)     Standard in soil and warm Vietnam   Vietnam, KeBang HAM 0927     50 15/10 evergreen (AGA)
139 A. odoratus Hett. & H., synonym of A. dunnii Tutch. in soil         China: Hong Kong   Hong Kong, Lantau Island HAM 0798 7b 10 30-60 12
140 A. ongsakulii Hett. & A. Galloway in soil       store dry Laos   Laos, Khammouane province AGA 1534     7-9 2
141 A. Operculatus in soil fertile, well draining   Deep pot store dry Thailand Thai Thailand Chumpon HAM 0994-T     65 4/40
142 A. opertus Hett. in soil rich with added loam   Standard store in soil South Vietnam           100 10
143 A. pachystylis Hett., synonym of A. krausei Engl.           western Thailand              
144 A. paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicols. in soil fertile, well draining   Standard store dry Madagascar to Polynesia   Indonesia, Sumatra HAM 0378 7b 10 200 30
in soil fertile, well draining   Standard store dry Madagascar to Polynesia   Indonesia, Kalimantan HAM 0821     200 30
A. paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson var. Bangkokensis               Thailand, exact loc. unknown. HAM 1243     200 30
145 A. palawanensis Bogn. & Hett. self-divides rich with added loam   Standard store in soil (can also be stored dry) Philippines, Palawan Island   Philippines, Palawan HAM 0124     30-55 4-11
146 A. parvulus Gagn. branched well draining, rich soil   Deep pot store dry western, central & eastern Thailand           13-35 6
147 A. paucisectus         world-wide not in culture Western, Central and Eastern Thailand              
148 A. pendulus Bogn. & Mayo none loose, well draining     store in soil Sarawak, northwestern Kalimantan   From tissue culture in Atlanta Bot. garden       90 18
149 A. perakensis Engl.         world-wide not in culture West Malaysia              
150 A. pilosus Hett.           Central Vietnam           med-large (AGA)  
151 A. pingbianensis H. Li & C.L. Long synonym of A. coaetaneus Liu & Wei           China: Yunnan   China, Yunnan HAM 0670        
152 A. plicatus Bok & Lam       Standard   Indonesia (Northern Sulawesi)              
153 A. polyanthus Hett. & M. Sizemore       Standard everwet tropical Thailand   Thailand, Pha Nok Khan HAM 0873        
154 A. prainii Hook. f. slow offsets rich   Standard store in soil Southern Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, ?E. Kalimantan   Malaysia, Penang HAM 0077     10-210 4-25
slow offsets rich   Standard store in soil Southern Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, ?E. Kalimantan   Thailand, Songkla HAM 0187     10-210 4-25
155 A. preussii (Engl.) N.E. Br. none well draining   Standard store in soil Cameroon           70-10
156 A. prolificus Hett. & A. Galloway in soil     Large for offset   Thailand   Thailand HAM 1245     15-35 2-3.5
  A. pseudoharmandii syn. Pseudodracontium harmandii                       45-50 (AGA)  
157 A. pulchellus in soil                     dwarfish (AGA)  
158 A. purpurascens Kurz ex Hook. f.         world-wide not in culture Myanmar              
159 A. pusillus Hett. & Serebr. in soil well draining   Standard everwet tropical South Vietnam   Vietnam HAM 0247     8 2/3.5
160 A. putii Gagn.           Central Thailand   Thailand, Khao Yai National Park HAM 0925        
161 A. pygmaeus Hett. rare branching average, rich soil   Standard store dry central Thailand   Thailand (s. loc.) HAM 0104     40 5
162 A. ranchanensis Ipor, Tawan, Simon, Meekiong & Fuad                          
  A. ravenii           Laos (AGA)   Laos (AGA)       small-med (AGA)  
163 A. reflexus Hett. & A. Galloway rare branching         Thailand   Thailand, Khampaeng province AGA 1069     19 2-24
164 A. rhizomatosus Hett.       Deep pot store in soil Northern Vietnam, Laos   Vietnam, Bach Ma HAM 0878        
165 A. richardsii Ittenb. stolons (AGA)     Standard   Zambia   Zambia, Mbala District HAM 0352     medium (AGA)  
166 A. rostratus Hett. leaf bulbils (AGA)         Philippines           medium (AGA)  
167 A. rugosus Hett. & A. Lamb       Standard store in soil East Malaysia (Sabah)              
168 A. sagittarius Steen. self-divides well draining   Standard store in soil Indonesia, western Java   Indonesia, Java, Cisadea, Ciwidey HAM 0491     30-40 6
169 A. salmoneus Hett. in soil rich   Standard store dry Philippines, Palawan, Langen Island   Asia HAM 0036     5-70 4-15
170 A. saraburiensis Gagn.         store dry Central Thailand   Thailand, North of Saraburi HAM 1002        
171 A. saururus Hett.       Deep pot   Northeastern Thailand   Thailand HAM 0026     40 (AGA)  
172 A. scaber Serebr. & Hett. in soil fertile soil, added loam     store in soil (only when young) Vietnam, Laos   Vietnam, district Vungtau-Condao HAM 0180     180 20
173 A. schmidtiae Hett. & A. Galloway ?     Standard   Laos   Laos, Bolikhamaxay province AGA 1582     100 8.5-5
174 A. scutatus Hett. & T.C. Chapman     Shaded Deep pot   Central Thailand   Thailand, Saraburi Province HAM 1003        
175 A. serrulatus Hett. & A. Galloway none     Standard everwet tropical Thailand   Thailand, Tak province AGA 1500     12-18 2-2
176 A. sinuatus none       store in soil Vietnam   Vietnam Quang Bing, Bo Trach district HAM 1154-T     17 3/20
177 A. sizemoreae Hett.       Standard store dry Thailand              
178 A. smithsonianus Sivad.   rich, added loam   Standard store dry Southern India   India, Trivandrum HAM 0216     27-58 2-9
179 A. sparsiflorus Hook. f. foliar well draining, loose   Standard store in soil West Malasia           40  
180 A. spectabilis (Miq.) Engl.         store in soil Indonesia (Java)   Indonesia, Java HAM 0815        
181 A. staudtii (Engl.) N.E. Br.         store in soil Cameroon              
182 A. staurostigmata           Madagascar              
183 A. stipitatus Engl.           Southeast China              
184 A. stuhlmannii (Engl.) Engl. & Gehrm.           Tanzania, Kenia           250 30
185 A. subcymbiformis Alderw., synonym of A. beccarii Engl.         world-wide not in culture Sumatra              
186 A. subpedatus Nguyen V.D. & Hett.       Standard store in soil Northern Vietnam              
188 A. sumawongii (Bogn.) Bogn.       Deep pot   Southeastern Thailand   Thailand, Ban Boa Nan Ching HAM 0714     ahorter growing spec. (AGA)  
189 A. swynnertonii Rendle synonym of A. mossambicensis (Schott ex Garcke) N.E. Br.           Mozambique, Tanzania, Zimbabawe, Zambia   Zambia HAM 0448        
190 A. sylvaticus (Roxb.) Kunth           Southern India, Sri Lanka              
191 A. symonianus Hett. & M. Sizemore leaf bulbils (AGA) well draining, rich soil   Standard store dry Thailand   Thailand, Udon Thani HAM 0728 6 / 7 (AGA)   smalish (AGA)  
192 A. synandrifer Hett. & V.D. Nguyen       Deep pot   Vietnam              
193 A. taurostigma Ittenb. & Hett. in soil stolon (AGA)     Standard   Madagascar   Madagascar, Tulear, Moron HAM 0409        
194 A. tenuispadix Hett.       Deep pot   Central Thailand           dwarfish (AGA)   resembling albispatus (AGA)
195 A. tenuistylis Hett.           Central Thailand   Thailand HAM 0794     med-large (AGA)  
196 A. teuszii (Engl.) N.E. Br.         world-wide not in culture Zaire, Angola              
197 A. thaiensis S.-Y. Hu in soil     Standard   Northern Thailand   Thailand, Doi Chiang Dao, market HAM 946 6      
198 A. tinekeae Hett. & A. Vogel         store in soil East Malaysia (Sabah)   Malaysia, Sabah, Gomantong Caves, Sunkau HAM 0477        
199 A. titanum (Becc.) Becc. ex Arcang. none well draining, rich soil   Standard store in soil Indonesia [Sumatra]   Indonesia, Sumatra d15-01-1997 Bonn     100-500 65
200 A. tonkinensis Engl. & Gehrm. none well draining   Standard store in soil North and Central Vietnam   Vietnam HAM 0420     80 9
201 A. tuberculatus Hett. & V.D. Nguyen in soil     Standard store in soil North Vietnam   North Vietnam, Quang Bing province HAM 1319     50 10-8
202 A. urceolatus           Philippines              
203 A. variabilis Bl. in soil average soil w/loam   Standard store dry Indonesia [Java]   Indochina, Kebun Raya HAM 0467     120 15
204 A. venustus Hett., A. Hay & J. Mood         world-wide not in culture East Malaysia (Sabah)              
205 A. verticillatus Hett.       Large for offset store in soil Northern Vietnam               evergreen (AGA)
206 A. vogelianus Hett. & H. Billensteiner in soil     Standard   North Thailand   North Thailand, Chiang Dao HAM 1173-T     40 4/12
207 A. xiei Li & Dao         world-wide not in culture                
208 A. yuloensis H. Li foliar rich     store dry China [Yunnan]   China HAM 0250 6 / 7 (AGA)   60 10
209 A. yunnanensis Engl. in soil rich     store dry N. Thailand, Laos, China [Yunnan]   Thailand, Mae Hong Song HAM 0157 6   10-80 13
210 A. zengianus C.I. Long & H. Li         world-wide not in culture China              
211 A. zenkeri (Engl.) N.E. Br.   rich, well draining     world-wide not in culture Cameroon, Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea   Cameroon HAM 0339     130 10
NOT in cultivation
VERY RARE
Information compiled from many sources including:
Aroideana
Aroid-L
nationaalherbarium.ml
Contributors:
Tony Avent
Wilbert Hetterscheid
Alan Galloway
E Vincent Morano
Marco Motta
S. Ittenbach
Bernhard Strolka
and many more from the Aroid-L community
This collaborative work may be distributed for non-commercial use without restriction.
Original Source 2012-11-09 from BS
Last Revised 2013-11-04 by AMH